Keys to choose the land on which to build your house. If you are thinking of building a house and you are not lucky enough to already own a suitable plot of land it’s important to pay attention. You are facing one of the most important choices of the whole process: choosing a land to build your house.
If, in addition, it is the first time you embark on the adventure of building a house, you probably have thousands of questions.
How to choose a land to build a house?
Choosing a plot of land to build your house means choosing the base for your family, the place where you will spend a large part of your time. As you can imagine, no two plots and no two plots are the same, so the questions you should ask yourself are:
What influences the choice of land when building a house?
What are the factors that make one plot of land better or worse than another?
Which of these factors should you look at when choosing a lot to build a house on?
Define the location, Keys to choose the land on which to build your house
What is the first thing we think about when choosing a good land to build a house? Exactly, its location. And the second thing? Of course, the price. Location is one of the most important factors, but not the only one. It’s also one of the most variable, as it’s 100% subjective.
Above all, whatever your preference, remember that you will always depend to some extent on public infrastructures. To anticipate the next point, take into account the proximity of public roads and the connection to general facilities and services: stores, pharmacies, hospitals, schools, leisure and cultural areas, etc.
It’s also a good idea to check with the town hall about possible/future urbanization plans or infrastructure in the surrounding area. This way you will avoid unexpected and often unpleasant surprises.
Check the infrastructures and the accessibility of the land
This aspect is closely linked to the location of the land. Everyday we live more and more connected to each other. Today, a home cannot be understood without the multitude of connections to the basic infrastructure that unites us all.
On the one hand, we are talking about the basic facilities and supplies. For example, water, gas and electricity. And also, the services necessary to live in society: the proximity to supply points, such as stores, markets and supermarkets, health, cultural and leisure centers. But on the other hand, we cannot forget about new technologies, telephony and Internet service.
When choosing and buying a plot of land to build a house, we should pay special attention to the possibility of “connecting” to all these services. It’s advisable to make a consultation in the corresponding town hall about the type of supplies that reach the plot (water, electricity, gas) and even check with different supply companies about the services they provide in the area (electricity, telephone coverage, Internet).
Finally, it is also important to check the accessibility to the plot, in order to reduce the associated costs. We refer to the transport of machinery and construction materials, and the existence or not of public transport nearby, which will facilitate life in your future home.
On the other hand, it is good to remember that when choosing a land to buy it is advisable to avoid excessive proximity to certain infrastructures. Try not to buy land adjacent to high voltage lines, cell phone antennas, highways, railroads, landfills, sewage treatment plants, etc.
Consult the urban qualification of the land in the town hall, Keys to choose the land on which to build your house
If you are willing to buy a plot of land or you have seen one that you think suits your needs, you cannot forget to visit the town hall first. This is an essential step to know exactly WHAT, and HOW MUCH, you can build on the plot.
For example, the large size of a plot does not always mean that you can build a huge house on it. What you can build is determined by the buildability of the land, a concept that is defined in the urban plan to which the land belongs. This value can be fixed by a number or by a percentage. That is to say, each plot has a maximum of square meters that can be legally built on, and it is not always proportional to the size of the plot.
On the other hand, the land may be limited by some easement (of way, views, water, etc.) that grants some right on it to another person and that, therefore, supposes some limitation at the time of construction.
To find out all this information you will need time, as these consultations do not usually reflect an immediate response. However, to get an idea of what you will be able to build, look at the buildings on neighboring plots. It is very likely that the urban qualification of your land is similar to the surrounding ones.
Study the shape, size, orientation and slope of the land.
As for the shape, the ideal would be square or rectangular plots, being preferable to avoid land of irregular shapes or too elongated, because of the difficulty that can present when designing an efficient housing in them.
As we say, in more or less square plots, it is easier to design a correctly oriented house, since we will have more flexibility when organizing the spaces.
In elongated and very narrow plots, however, the options are drastically reduced.
The best orientation for a house, Keys to choose the land on which to build your house
The right size, on the other hand, is defined by your real needs. There is no perfect, ideal size. More important than the size of the plot is to check its urban conditions. We must take into account the buildability and the setbacks to boundaries (impossibility to build next to the edges of the land), since with these concepts, it is possible that the “buildable” land is reduced quite a lot.
Finally, we consider that the slope does not play such an important role when choosing a plot of land, as long as it does not hinder access. While it is true that flat, horizontal plots offer more building options (and generally facilitate cheaper construction), sloping plots have other advantages. For example, ease of water drainage, ease of building semi-buried spaces and adequate sunlight to create a more energy-efficient home.
Contrast the price of the land
Finally, we come to the issue of price. Undoubtedly this is a very important factor, which will usually tip the balance towards one option or another. It is convenient to know how much the square meter costs in your area, to know if the value of the land you are going to choose is the right one. To do this, a quick study of the supply in your area can help.
In general, the price of a plot of land usually reflects the aspects we have mentioned above: location, infrastructure and accessibility, urban qualification, shape, size, orientation, slope and geological characteristics.
As a last piece of advice, we recommend that if there are slight variations in price between one plot and another. Try to evaluate everything we have mentioned in this article, as sometimes for a little more money, you can achieve considerable increases in your future quality of life (and significant savings during construction).
Conclusions of Keys to choose the land on which to build your house
The conclusion we want to convey with this article is that the ideal land for you and your future home is the one that fits your needs, no more and no less. In addition, whenever possible, it is preferable to choose plots that, being within your economic possibilities:
- Are situated in accessible locations.
- Have the necessary infrastructures and services (access to community water, sewage, electricity, etc.).
- Have the urban qualification of urban (except in special cases) and with acceptable building conditions and adequate to what you want to build, allowing a good use of its surface.
- Have an adequate shape and size, which do not excessively limit future construction.
- Allow the house to be adequately oriented.
- Do not have too steep slopes, or if they do, do not prevent “standard” and simple construction systems (as this can considerably increase the building budget).
- Have a resistant and cohesive ground, trying to avoid soft and problematic grounds, as well as grounds that are too hard, such as rock, in case you want to carry out excavations.