Key stages to plan the construction of your home. Knowing these stages to build your house will help you plan and have a global vision of the whole process involved in building a house. To plan the construction of your house you should be guided by common sense. This protects you from making mistakes, getting into trouble and will help you not to complicate things too much.
The truth is that at some point in our lives, all of us are faced with a very practical and fundamental question: Am I going to continue paying rent for the rest of my life? Perhaps most of us will answer with a categorical and instinctive no. T The second question, as logical as it is inevitable, is: do I buy a house or do I build one?
Key steps to plan the construction of your house
Preparing to build a house
Building a house means, above all, planning, that is, having a plan that allows you to achieve the proposed goal. Building a house is a process where you will have to go through a series of stages, perform certain actions and make decisions all the time.
Now, the best way to start is to know which are the stages of building a house and to start having an overview of the whole process that lies ahead.
To pretend to have a detailed vision of all the stages will be very difficult (but not impossible) if you are not an experienced person in the world of design and construction. Your greatest efforts should be put in being a good manager of the construction process of your house. Your main task will be to correctly manage the budget you have.
Knowing these stages to build a house will help you to see the big picture and be able to plan in a better way all the work that is coming your way.
Stages of building a house
In the following infographic you will be able to see graphically what are the 7 stages you need to know to plan the construction of your house.
The idea of building your house comes up
Building a house will save you about 30% of money compared to buying a house with the same characteristics. Not a minor argument for choosing to build a house instead of buying one, don’t you think?
This stage is one of excitement and emotion, but it’s important to be prudent. Being prudent implies taking the necessary time to assimilate everything that is coming. Being prudent means not rushing or making hasty decisions, it means evaluating alternatives, looking at options and letting them rest before deciding.
And to be able to make good decisions you must train yourself, you must learn. And to carry out the construction of your house you will have to learn many things. A good idea is just the beginning, but the most important thing is how to implement that idea.
You need land
You can find yourself in one of two situations: you already have the land or you need to look for one. The most relevant issues to consider and that have direct relation with the design, the value of your property and the construction costs are:
Know what the soil type of your land is. This information is obtained by performing a soil or geotechnical study.
Know the legal status of the property, that is, if it has any pending charges or if everything is in order.
Consider the types of roads and the topography of the site.
Find out about access to basic services such as potable water, electricity and sewage.
The municipal ordinances that regulate the construction of your home.
The classification of the Use of Soil, that is to say, what is allowed or not allowed to be built on your property. You can request this information at the corresponding municipality.
Design and Preliminary Project
Perhaps the most attractive and fun part of the whole process of building your house. Key stages to plan the construction of your home. This is where your ideas start to come down to earth and translate into technical drawings.
The traditional way to access the design of a house has been to work with a local architect.
But you should know that there are other alternatives to access a design for your home, always with the work of an architect behind.
Remember that even though the design stage is a creative and imaginative work, all your ideas must follow and respect a series of rules and regulations.
The final result of this stage is a set of technical drawings that comply with all local regulations and a technical report detailing the items of the work and an estimate of the cost of materials. At the beginning of this stage it is necessary to clearly define the size of your house, i.e. the square meters you are going to build.
Elaboration and Drafting of the Project
This is a stage where all the legal documentation required to obtain the necessary permits, visas and licenses required by the regulations is prepared.
If you choose to access a design online or through a call for tenders, you will have to develop the Project Development and Drafting stage with a local authorized professional, usually an architect.
In the Project Elaboration and Drafting stage we can distinguish 2 sub-stages:
This is a project where the general characteristics of the house are precisely defined.
Through the Basic Project it is possible to obtain the first Municipal permits, however, it is not yet possible to start the execution of the works.
The executive project involves a more detailed work regarding the definition of the project itself, its structural details and all the necessary technical drawings for the construction of the work.
We refer to structural plans, construction details, foundations, electrical system, water supply and sanitation plans, construction report, etc.
The execution project is where all the studies required by the regulations must be attached.
The execution project, once approved by the corresponding entity, is the one that allows the granting of the necessary permits to be able to start the construction of the works.
Keep in mind that in many cases only one document called “Basic and Execution Project” is usually drafted.
Preparing the construction
A key stage to minimize problems in the construction stage. You have to think very well about the modality of work for the construction stage. You must be strategic and choose very well the technicians and the construction company you are going to work with.
An important phase in this stage is to request estimates from different construction companies. And it is important that you know how to evaluate these estimates and know how to choose the one that suits you best.
If you have time and will, you will be able to participate directly in the construction and avoid some costs associated with certain tasks that you can do yourself. But if you do not have time, the best thing to do is to delegate the work to competent technicians and companies.
Construction companies usually have a team of professionals and technicians from different areas, who will be able to support you from stage 4 until the construction of your house is finished.
If you choose to hire a construction company, your construction manager will be a professional of the company.
The disadvantage of this option is that, in case of any problem or difference with the company, the construction manager will always defend the company’s interests over yours.
Building a house
This stage is marked by constant decision making and problem solving. Although good planning in the previous stages will help you to have fewer problems.
Be flexible, the execution of the works is usually delayed, some things will change with respect to the original design (not fundamental issues) and the budget can be affected by some unforeseen events.
That’s why you should always consider a margin in your budget for “unforeseen events”. You will be the manager of the execution of the works, but obviously you will not be alone. Every time a modification is made to the execution project, the competent authority must be informed before proceeding to make the changes.
Once the modification is accepted, there must be a written document accepted by all parties involved: the owner, the construction company and the competent authority. Depending on the size of your house, the construction system, the local climate and many other variables, this stage can last between 8 and 12 months.
Completion of the works
The last stage, oriented to corroborate that everything has been executed as planned and to obtain the legal permits to be able to make use of the house.
It is important that you have an overview of everything you are about to go through. And above all you should know that you should prepare, train and be advised by experienced people.
This is the key: train yourself, learn and plan very well the construction of your house. Don’t forget: you are the planner, not the builder or the designer of your house.